Safety In Design A3

Safety In Design A3


Section 1. Background

Section 1. Background

Section 1. Background

  • • Construction projects being completed via an Integrated Project Delivery IPD) method, have the opportunity to incorporate safe practices into the design phase.
  • • Design professionals traditionally focus on the end user i.e.; building occupant, or facility operator and do not consider the construction worker.

Section 2. Current Condition (Problem Statement)

Section 2. Current Condition (Problem Statement)

Section 2. Current Condition (Problem Statement)

  • • Construction safety is not a prime consideration during the design phase.
  • • Typically, designed in safety occurs at the construction level on an as needed basis.
  • • OSHA's places the responsibility for safety on the construction firms.
  • • An emphasis for construction safety should be emphasized when designers are educated and trained.
  • • Lack of Safety in Design tools, guidelines, and procedures.
  • • Designer's limited role on the project team.
  • • Designer's traditional viewpoint on construction worker safety.
  • • Lack of understanding of the associated liability.

Section 3. Goals/Targets (Future State)

Section 3. Goals/Targets (Future State)

Section 3. Goals/Targets (Future State)

  • • Include construction safety into design process.
  • • Recognize potential hazards which may be encountered during construction & post construction.
  • • Design as both architect/engineer and as a constructor.
  • • Eliminate the use of specialty tools required for installation & maintenance.

Section 4. What is standing in the way?

Section 4. What is standing in the way?

Section 4. What is standing in the way?

  • • Traditionally, constructors are involved too late in the process to provide input into design.
  • • Constructability reviews should be performed early, with construction safety in mind.
  • • Operators are not given the opportunity for input at the design stage. (i.e.; constructors, maintenance personnel)
  • • Address the paradigm that Safety in Design costs money.
  • • Behaviors of the designers, constructors, and end users providing input.
  • • Motivate those managing the design and scope to include input at the right time.
  • • Designers lack knowledge of construction methods.
  • • Be sure not to overburden the design delivery so we can maintain the project schedule.

Section 5. Proposed Countermeasures

Section 5. Proposed Countermeasures

Section 5. Proposed Countermeasures

Examples of proposed safety‐in‐design:

  • • Design work that can be constructed on the ground and lifted into place as a unit.
  • • Weld tie off attachment points prior to hoisting structural steel into place.
  • • Allow for offsite fabrication. Work that can be performed in a shop is typically safer than construction projects.
  • • Eliminate the tool or process which causes injuries.

Sources for safety in design: ‐ Safety in Design is a Culture of Collaboration for Shared Ownership and Outcome.

Section 6. Plan

Section 6. Plan

Section 6. Plan

  • • Designers can play a role in making construction sites safer.
  • • Keys to designing for safety:
    • • Collaborate between all project team members
    • • Allow time to meet with constructors and end users prior to completion of construction drawings.
    • • Designers should gain the knowledgeable of:
      • • 1. Design for safety concept
      • • 2. Construction site safety
      • • 3. Construction practices
  • • Benefits for Safety in Design:
    • • Reduce overall project costs through:
      • • Reduced redesign and rework in the field, Earlier Planning for Efficiencies
    • • Streamline Project Delivery/Execution through:
      • • More complete design packages, Fewer field clarifications/changes
      • • Owner's representatives bought into the design
    • • Reduce overall project costs through:
      • • Construction and Commissioning
      • • Maintenance and Operations , & Retrofits

Section 7. Follow‐up

Section 7. Follow‐up

Section 7. Follow‐up

  • • Continue to understand construction methods & how design can affect them.
  • • Document Lessons Learned for incorporation into future designs.